Impact: Food insecurity

15 related cases

It is a project aiming to establish a storage terminal for 35 different types of carcinogenic, mutagen, inflammable, explosive and ignitable chemicals, herbal oils, petroleum and petroleum-derived products in 150 tanks with a capacity of a 710.000 m3 each. The terminal is planned to be established on a delta with dangerous alluvial and pervious based fault lines in a location as close as 1 km to the North Anatolian Fault Line near Taskopru region of Yalova with a population of 150,000 people living around 40 km2. Royal Vopak, a Dutch multinational company, stated that they wish to create new import/export opportunities in Turkish chemicals market, but the terminal location is next to a chemical production factory owned by Aksa Acrylic…

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Tuna fattening farms in Sigacik Bay, Seferihisar, Izmir have been opposed by a range of social actors for about a decade. Mobilizations against these fish farms have complained about the inappropriate Environmental Impact Assesments (EIAs) obtained by the fish farm projects and opened court cases aiming the withdrawal of positive EIAs and stopping these projects. Already in 2008 when the zoning plans for two fish farms have been declared for the vicinity of Sigacik [9], a range of social actors such as local people, environmentalists, researchers, local municipality, artists, local associationas and environmental lawyers have been resisting these projects [2] and the positive EIAs regarding the establishemnt of these fish farms [3]. They have been arguing that Sigacik Bay is…

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Outside Turkey, the work of attorney Arif Ali Cangi for a “nuclear free world” has been recognised. One of his most recent cases for a “nuclear free Turkey” involves the villages of Kesir Jörprübasi/Manisa and Kisir Söke Aydin. In the 1970s and 1980s the Turkish government prospected for and mined uranium across the country. Near the first village the government authorities established a facility where uranium ore was turned into yellow cake. Later the contaminated site was abandoned without any safety measures. The local population knew nothing about the hazards they were exposed to. (1). Source: Ejatlas…

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COMMODITIES

● Uranium 

Even though Turkey has been a signatory to the United Nations Biodiversity Convention since 1997 and Cartagena Biosafety Protocol since 2004, it only enforced the Biosafety Law in 2010. Even though the Biosafety Law did not allow the production of GMO crops, it permitted their import based on certain conditions. Thirteen corn varieties to be used as animal feed were permitted (Bt11, DAS1507, DAS59122, DAS1507xNK603, NK603, NK603xMON810, GA21, MON89034, MON89034xNK603, Bt11xGA21, 59122x1507xNK603, 1507×59122 ve MON88017xMON810). Twenty one GMO corn varieties, 3 colza, 1 sugar beet and 1 potato varieties to be used as human food; 3 colza, 1 sugar beet varieties to be used as animal feed and 22 corn varieties to be used as bioethanol are awaiting approval of…

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Aliaga is a heavily industrialized area on the coast of the Aegean Sea. Due to high rates of pollution, the region is almost a death zone. Aliaga district has been contaminated by negligently increasing investments. Among these are oil refineries, petrochemical and waste incineration facilities, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) filling facilities and storage tanks, hazardous shipbreaking yards, ports, imported coalyards, junkyards, fertilizer factories, rolling mill plants, 6 arc furnaced iron steel facilities, hazardous factory waste grounds, iron steel sub-industry and casting facilities, logistics facilities, 3 natural gas and oil fired thermic power plants. When one takes into consideration the Bakircay region, the northern axis of Izmir has been completely discarded with the pollutions of Bergama gold mine, Maltepe organized leather…

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The lead factory in Gaziemir district in the town of Izmir, has been manufacturing lead bars for 70 years ever since its establishment in 1940. The industrial input was old lead accumulators and lead scrap. When the factory was relocated to a new operation field, the old industrial area in Gaziemir and the nearby warehouse remained vacant. The factory site stretches over 7 ha, where old machines, and abandoned storage remain unattended as well as sequentially formed acid pools. In 2007, Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) detected nuclear waste buried beneath the factory’s waste storage. After conducting research on the material, TAEK identified a nuclear particle, called ‘Europium 152’ which is restricted in Turkey. Import of this material is strictly…

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Uluabat Lake is one of the most important lakes of Turkey because of its biological diversity. The lake is declared as a Ramsar Area in 1998. In 2000, it has also become part of the Living Lakes network that ranks the most important lakes of the world. Despite its importance, Uluabat Lake is under threat due to ineffective implementation of local and national policies in the area. The lake and its basin are affected by many human-driven external factors. Dam constructions, domestic waste, industrial waste, overfishing, overuse of pesticides are the main issues. Stakeholders of Uluabat Lake carry out agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, hunting as well as industrial activities and these activities are closely connected with the lake. In 2002,…

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The Sinop (İnceburun) Nuclear Power Plant is a planned nuclear plant located at Sinop in northern Turkey. It will be the country’s second nuclear power plant after Akkuyu The deal for the project was signed between Turkish Prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe on May, 2013, in a similar manner with the Akkuyu project. The expected cost of the project is US$22 billion. The project will be carried out by Atmea, a joint venture consortium of Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and French Areva (Earlier contacts was made with Canadian company CANDU). Furthermore, French electric utility company GDF Suez will be in charge of the operation of the nuclear plant, expected to start electricity production at…

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The first nuclear power plant (NPP) of Turkey will be constructed in Akkuyu locality situated within Buyukeceli towns borders in Mersin Provinces Gulnar District. The license of the NPP was obtained 36 years ago. The construction work of the NPP has been commissioned to Rosatom, a Russian state-owned company, through a direct intergovernmental agreement and without a tender process. The NPP is not wanted by two-thirds of the Turkish population and 80% of the people living in Mersin. Especially after the Fukushima accident, the project leads to preoccupation due to high risks and the regions proximity to earthquake fault lines. Additionally, due to the high cost of nuclear energy, long construction time, fuel import dependence and the close association of…

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The 3rd bridge over Bosphorus (or as officially called “Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge”) is a bridge and interlinking highways project in the northern part of Istanbul on the Bosphorous, between Garipce and Poyrazkoy villages. There are already two bridges on the Bosphorus connecting the two continents (Asia and Europe). Th plans for thhis third bridge project has first come up in 1993 and has ever since encountered an increasing number and variety of opponent groups. The current project was not subject to an Environmental Impact Assessment according to the Turkish Environmental Legislation since it was claimed to be a nationwide strategic project which was already planned before the EIA legislation came into force. During the decision-making process people who would…

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Located in the southeast of Buyuk Menderes River Delta, Bafa Lake is a shallow lake whose deepest part is 21m. 12.281 ha Bafa Lake is in both Aydin and Mugla provinces. Feeding from Buyuk Menderes River, the Aegean Regions longest water course, Bafa Lake is an alluvial dam of low salinity. The lake was formed 2000-2300 years ago through silt carried by the Buyuk Menderes River disconnecting it from the Aegean Sea (Kasparek, 1988). As a result of Soke Plains rising from alluvial deposits the lakes level rose above the seas. Except for its Western and Northwestern sections, the lake is surrounded by mountains. From where the lake opens to the plain towards the West, it is reported that excess…

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It is reported that about 300 large and small scale industries are located in Dilovasi Organized Industrial Zone among which 193 are active and that roughly 20,000 people are employed in these. The majority of these represent the metallurgy and chemical sectors. Altogether, these companies comprise 17% of Turkeys industry. The bowl shape topographic structure of Dilovasi and the presence of iron and steel smelting plants as well as paint and chemical facilities negatively influence the air quality of the region. Research studies based on death records have been conducted demonstrating that cancer-related cases range over the worlds and Turkeys averages. In regional measurements, the PM10 air pollution indicator was confirmed to be 3,5 times higher than the accepted limit…

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