Impact: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover

33 related cases

Adur Madencilik Ltd. which is a subsidiary of Aldridge Uranium Inc. has been searching for uranium reserves in rural parts of Yozgat City in central Anatolia. Spokesmen of the company announced that they are going to continue drilling and feasibility studies for the next 3 years and they are optimistic about starting uranium mining in the area. Source: Ejatlas…

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COMMODITIES

● Uranium 

Kisladag Gold Mine is the largest gold-mining operation in Turkey. A total of 10 million tons per year is expected to be extracted with an expected 15 years of mine life. The mine will produce 240 000 ounces of gold per year at full production capacity. Kisladag is located within the boundaries of the province of Usak, Izmir (180 kilometers to the west) and Ankara (350 km north-east). Usak city center is the closest to the project site, being at 35 km northeast. The protests started in 1999 at both local and national level. However, despite the protest by EJOs, the mine succeed to pass a positive EIA in 2003, and in 2006 the mine began to be operational. Source:…

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Kocacay delta, situated 25 km north of Bursa Karacabey, is on the southern coast of Marmara Sea. This delta is particularly important for the habitat due to the lagoons, flooded forests and wide sand dunes formed where Kocacay meets the sea. The area includes two shallow lagoons, namely Dalyan and Arapciftligi. The south side of the delta is lined by hills covered with deciduous forests. The areas coastal section is frequented by the locals as a day-trip destination. The land between the lagoons and the hills is used for agriculture. Flooded forests and wetlands are being used for grazing animals. Fishing activities in the lagoons is an important source of income in the area. Other land uses include woodcutting, sand…

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Efemçukuru Gold Mine, an underground gold mine and related plants and facilities, is located in Aegean Region of Turkey, 20 km to İzmir city and 14 km to Menderes province. The mine is located inside the strict preservation zone of the rivers and streams that supply water to Tahtalı Dam and Çamlı Dam. The deposit was first discovered on early 1990s, afterwards a licence was obtained and initial exploration activities were conducted. After the initial license and a positive EIA report allowing the mining of 2,5 Million tonnes of gold, the mine started to operate in 2011, despite the protests from both the local Elele Movement and NGOs from İzmir. In 2012, not long after the start of operation, the…

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Located in Turgutlu district of Manisa province, Caldag nickel mine has Turkeys biggest nickel reserve with 33 million tons. However, Turgutlu, in the center of Gediz Plain, is important for its many valuable agricultural products above ground and its fertile soils more than its underground nickel reserves. Having obtained the necessary permits from the former Ministry of Environment and Forestry, the company operates in extracting and processing the nickel in a pivotal project. This marked the beginning of the local communitys struggle for closing the mine by cancelling the forest land appropriation and other permits. Source: Ejatlas…

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COMMODITIES

Six small hydroelectric power plants are constructed in the Artvin Kabaca Valley, as part of 200 hydroelectric power plants being constructed or planned to be constructed in the provinces of Rize and Artvin. The constructions result in destruction of forests, destruction of waterbeds and aquatic environment. Fragmentation of natural areas and ravage created by energy transmission lines, destruction of hillsides by earth-moving machinery used in road constructions and filling of river beds constitute subjects of serious contestations not only in the region but also in the country. Source: Ejatlas…

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Turkeys biggest silver mine is owned by Eti Silver Corporation (privatised in 2004) and is located in Kutahyas Tavsanli district. The mine activity uses cyanide for extracting and processing the silver element; recently, cyanide loaded water leaked from the immense storage pools and reached the groundwater as a result of an accident due to excessive rains. This accident provoked disastrous groundwater pollution and has raised the question of the already alarming level of groundwater contamination. Source: Ejatlas…

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A murder case on 10th May 2017 made headlines in Turkey. It took place in a village of the Mediterranean city of Antalya. Aysin and Ali Büyüknohutçu, a couple, were cruelly shot dead in their countryside house. They were highly involved in politics, and very well known for their environmental and consumer rights activism. Büyüknohutçu was best known for his activism and lawsuits against stone quarries in Finike and the rest of Antalya, in addition to being the chairman of a tenants’ rights association and a consumer rights workgroup within the Antalya City Council. With the help of locals and environmentalists, the Büyüknohutçus had been fighting against local stone quarries in Finike’s Alacadağ, Gökçeyaka, Kızılcık and Adala villages, which are…

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Eurogold Gold Mining Company was founded in 1989 by French and Canadian multinational mining companies (Gokvardar 1998:137), following the requirements of the Mining Law of 1985 in Turkey. A prospecting permit in an area close to three villages of Bergama was obtained, aiming to establish the first modern gold mine in the country. In later years the companys shares were sold to an Australian company (Orhon, 1999) and following this, in 2005, it was handed over to a domestic company named Koza Gold. The mining company takes cyanide leaching method as basic practise for its activities and dump the cyanide in an open waste pool. Since the location is an earthquake-prone zone and the negative effects of cyanide on nature,…

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The region which was partially declared a national park in 1993, is also rich with minerals (particularly gold and silver), and these are being plundered by foreign and domestic companies alike, leaving once majestic mountain a scene of toxic devastation. Prospecting activities have been under way in the Biga peninsula and especially in the northern side of Ida Mountain since the beginning of 1990s. Activities have been expanding in the region since 2007 (with more than 40 licences and around 100 projects at exploration stage now); explicitly two gold mines (Kirazli and Agi Mountain) made progress. The Canadian company, Alamos Gold, in charge of three projects (with three licences, Kirazli, Agi Dagi and Camyurt) has been targeting to start production in Kirazli…

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The Sinop (İnceburun) Nuclear Power Plant is a planned nuclear plant located at Sinop in northern Turkey. It will be the country’s second nuclear power plant after Akkuyu The deal for the project was signed between Turkish Prime minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe on May, 2013, in a similar manner with the Akkuyu project. The expected cost of the project is US$22 billion. The project will be carried out by Atmea, a joint venture consortium of Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and French Areva (Earlier contacts was made with Canadian company CANDU). Furthermore, French electric utility company GDF Suez will be in charge of the operation of the nuclear plant, expected to start electricity production at…

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The first nuclear power plant (NPP) of Turkey will be constructed in Akkuyu locality situated within Buyukeceli towns borders in Mersin Provinces Gulnar District. The license of the NPP was obtained 36 years ago. The construction work of the NPP has been commissioned to Rosatom, a Russian state-owned company, through a direct intergovernmental agreement and without a tender process. The NPP is not wanted by two-thirds of the Turkish population and 80% of the people living in Mersin. Especially after the Fukushima accident, the project leads to preoccupation due to high risks and the regions proximity to earthquake fault lines. Additionally, due to the high cost of nuclear energy, long construction time, fuel import dependence and the close association of…

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The 3rd bridge over Bosphorus (or as officially called “Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge”) is a bridge and interlinking highways project in the northern part of Istanbul on the Bosphorous, between Garipce and Poyrazkoy villages. There are already two bridges on the Bosphorus connecting the two continents (Asia and Europe). Th plans for thhis third bridge project has first come up in 1993 and has ever since encountered an increasing number and variety of opponent groups. The current project was not subject to an Environmental Impact Assessment according to the Turkish Environmental Legislation since it was claimed to be a nationwide strategic project which was already planned before the EIA legislation came into force. During the decision-making process people who would…

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Located in the southeast of Buyuk Menderes River Delta, Bafa Lake is a shallow lake whose deepest part is 21m. 12.281 ha Bafa Lake is in both Aydin and Mugla provinces. Feeding from Buyuk Menderes River, the Aegean Regions longest water course, Bafa Lake is an alluvial dam of low salinity. The lake was formed 2000-2300 years ago through silt carried by the Buyuk Menderes River disconnecting it from the Aegean Sea (Kasparek, 1988). As a result of Soke Plains rising from alluvial deposits the lakes level rose above the seas. Except for its Western and Northwestern sections, the lake is surrounded by mountains. From where the lake opens to the plain towards the West, it is reported that excess…

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Residents of Artvin, a small town in the North-eastern Black Sea region in Turkey continue to resist the opening of a dangerous gold and copper mine in the Cerattepe area for more than 20 years. After years of resistance, several mining companies, and several court rulings against the project, the conflict is still on-going.The first attempts to mine the gold and copper in the area started in the beginning of 1980s. After several years of explorations, the first mining license was given in 1987. In the early 1990s, the license was transferred to the international mining company Cominco, who started further explorations and test drillings. Even after the test drillings, the negative effects were observed immediately when livestock died suddenly….

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