Commodity: Water

37 related cases

Once being the biggest salt lake of Europe and second biggest lake of Turkey and despite gaining official protection status of Special Environmental Protection Area since 2000, Tuz Lake and its satellite wetlands (Kulu, Terkesan and Bolluk Lakes, Esmekaya Marshes) face the threat of drying up because of the dominant water polices. Irrigated agriculture carried out intensively in Tuz Lake closed basin is based on illegal groundwater wells. Each year well drillings go deeper and cause the reduction of underground water which naturally feeds the basin, uncontrollable desertification and salinisation. Biological features of the protected area (such as semi-wet habitats) high in endemism are changing and the soil in the region becomes arid and salinised. Currently the biggest water course…

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ACTORS

Taşzemin Co., a private company, is carrying out the permit processes for a 200 MW capacity coal plant and an open pit coal mining project right in between Çırpılar and Villages in Yenice (Çanakkale) alongside the Ida Mountains, rich in terms of biodiversity. The coal mining site is 845 hectares of forest and agricultural lands. 820 hectares of the sites is high quality agricultural soil. The villagers are actively running agricultural business and exporting vegetables abroad. There are irrigation investments going on in the site which will increase the agriculture revenues per hectare by 2,5 times. However, according to the design of the project, the plant will use the water of the irrigation investment to cool the plant. There is…

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Natural balance and hydrologic cycle at Sultan Marshes were destroyed due to the construction of dams, wells and drainage channels due to basin-wide irrigated farming support policies that started in Develi Basin in 1973. From the beginning of 2000s, the water quantity of the Sultan Marshes decreased dangerously because of the water-guzzling-products farming, agricultural irrigation, illegal well drilling, losses due to the existing irrigation techniques and less water flow to the marshlands due to the dams; as from 2003 marshlands have almost dried out. The effects on local people were unequal: while landowners adopted agricultural irrigation, loan use, base price, market support systems that were prioritized for the last 25 years, landless farmers who make their own living through reed…

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Kayen Heta Electricity Production Inc. began planning for a hydroelectric power plant construction in Bagbasi town of Erzurums Tortum district in 2009 and got its first HPP licence on 09.06.2010. Local people organized opposition demonstrations in order to get their water access rights back and prevent the negative effects of the project on local flora and fauna. During these protests 6 people were arrested and sentenced for 6 months. The first nationwide demonstration was on 05.09.2011. After the police and gendarmerie intervention to the HHP protest on 26.09.2011 15 people were banned to make contacts with other HPP protesters. As a result of these, Bagbasi Mayor resigned from his party on September 27th. Once again the project was stopped by…

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Tuna fattening farms in Sigacik Bay, Seferihisar, Izmir have been opposed by a range of social actors for about a decade. Mobilizations against these fish farms have complained about the inappropriate Environmental Impact Assesments (EIAs) obtained by the fish farm projects and opened court cases aiming the withdrawal of positive EIAs and stopping these projects. Already in 2008 when the zoning plans for two fish farms have been declared for the vicinity of Sigacik [9], a range of social actors such as local people, environmentalists, researchers, local municipality, artists, local associationas and environmental lawyers have been resisting these projects [2] and the positive EIAs regarding the establishemnt of these fish farms [3]. They have been arguing that Sigacik Bay is…

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ACTORS

The Black Sea Coastal Highway Project was initiated in 1987 to ease the access to the Black Sea region and to increase its economic activity. The objective of the project was to construct an uninterrupted highway from Samsun to Artvin, including 6 coastal cities. Mostly due to financial problems, the project was completed in 20 years and opened to traffic in 2007. The roads have been built along the sea, following the coast line and relatively higher than the sea level, disrupting and destroying the cities access and connection to the shore. Consequently, several conflicts emerged in those cities. In 1994, the people of Ordu protested against the damage the highway would create and the 5km part of the road…

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ACTORS

Kocacay delta, situated 25 km north of Bursa Karacabey, is on the southern coast of Marmara Sea. This delta is particularly important for the habitat due to the lagoons, flooded forests and wide sand dunes formed where Kocacay meets the sea. The area includes two shallow lagoons, namely Dalyan and Arapciftligi. The south side of the delta is lined by hills covered with deciduous forests. The areas coastal section is frequented by the locals as a day-trip destination. The land between the lagoons and the hills is used for agriculture. Flooded forests and wetlands are being used for grazing animals. Fishing activities in the lagoons is an important source of income in the area. Other land uses include woodcutting, sand…

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The water sources that feed Ergene River and the agricultural lands that are irrigated with this water are being threatened by industrial and domestic wastes originating from regional factories, the quarries established in Istranca Mountains, unregulated industrialization and unplanned urbanization of the region. As a result, Thraces centuries old agrarian structure is coming to an end and the pollution in Ergene River is jeopardising the habitat of all living creatures. The inhabitants of the region are faced with severe costs every single day. Source: Ejatlas…

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Burdur Gölü havzada yaygınlaşan sulu tarım ile artan su ihtiyacı sebebiyle gölü besleyen dereler üzerine yapılan barajlar ve kontrolsüz yeraltı suyu kullanımı ile 1987’den beri küçülmektedir (Ataol, 2010). Bu küçülme bugün gölün ⅓’ünün kaybına kadar ulaşmış durumda. Burdur Gölü yıllara göre seviye değişimleri ve su alma yapıları arasındaki ilişki T.C. Orman ve Su İşleri Bakanlığı, Su Yönetimi Genel Müdürlüğü tarafından hazırlanan “2015-2019 Burdur Gölü Alt Havzası Eylem Planı”nda yer alan tabloda açıklanmıştır. Bu düşüş ciddi boyutlarda sulak alan habitatı kaybına ve su kuşları için büyük önem taşıyan sığ alanların kurumasına sebep olmuştur (Eken vd., 2006). Ayrıca bu hızlı su düzeyi düşüşü doğal olarak acı olan göl suyunun tuzluluk oranının yirmi sene önceki ölçümlerde Akdeniz’in iki katıyken son ölçümlerde 560 katına…

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COMMODITIES

● Water 

In July 2009, a procurement contract has been signed between Bolu Special Provincial Administration and the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks in order for the former to carry out the activities run in the Abant Lake Nature Park such as the management of camping sites, the entrance and the local products sales units, general clean-up and security services. Following the signature, there have been claims about the Bolu Special Provincial Administration making sluice channeling to raise the level of the lake, extending the roads around the lake by land reclamation which blocked the stream flow feeding the Abant Lake. Thereupon, institutions such as the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks, Western Black Sea Forestry Research…

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Six small hydroelectric power plants are constructed in the Artvin Kabaca Valley, as part of 200 hydroelectric power plants being constructed or planned to be constructed in the provinces of Rize and Artvin. The constructions result in destruction of forests, destruction of waterbeds and aquatic environment. Fragmentation of natural areas and ravage created by energy transmission lines, destruction of hillsides by earth-moving machinery used in road constructions and filling of river beds constitute subjects of serious contestations not only in the region but also in the country. Source: Ejatlas…

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Kanal İstanbul is a project for the artificial sea-level waterway, which is being built by the Republic of Turkey on the European side of Turkey, connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, and thus to the Aegean and Mediterranean seas. Istanbul Canal would bisect the current European side of Istanbul and thus form an island between the continents of Asia and Europe (the island would have a shoreline with the Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, the new canal and the Bosphorus).[1][2] The new waterway would bypass the current Bosphorus….

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ACTORS

IMPACTS

Uluabat Lake is one of the most important lakes of Turkey because of its biological diversity. The lake is declared as a Ramsar Area in 1998. In 2000, it has also become part of the Living Lakes network that ranks the most important lakes of the world. Despite its importance, Uluabat Lake is under threat due to ineffective implementation of local and national policies in the area. The lake and its basin are affected by many human-driven external factors. Dam constructions, domestic waste, industrial waste, overfishing, overuse of pesticides are the main issues. Stakeholders of Uluabat Lake carry out agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, hunting as well as industrial activities and these activities are closely connected with the lake. In 2002,…

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In the late 1970s, the Turkish Government launched the Southeastern Anatolian Project (GAP project), with the declared aim to produce cheap energy and to encourage land redistribution by increasing the amount of irrigable land. However, very high costs, project delays, negative environmental impacts of dams, and the failed construction of many of the irrigation works, turned GAP into a really difficult problem to solve over the years. The Ilisu Dam Project is the third biggest hydroelectric project of the GAP, with 1,200 MW of capacity installed; its reservoir will submerge approximately 300 km2 in the Tigris Valley. Even though project works started in 1954 the project has only been approved in late 1990s. Since then, several consortia of European companies…

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Residents of Artvin, a small town in the North-eastern Black Sea region in Turkey continue to resist the opening of a dangerous gold and copper mine in the Cerattepe area for more than 20 years. After years of resistance, several mining companies, and several court rulings against the project, the conflict is still on-going.The first attempts to mine the gold and copper in the area started in the beginning of 1980s. After several years of explorations, the first mining license was given in 1987. In the early 1990s, the license was transferred to the international mining company Cominco, who started further explorations and test drillings. Even after the test drillings, the negative effects were observed immediately when livestock died suddenly….

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It is reported that about 300 large and small scale industries are located in Dilovasi Organized Industrial Zone among which 193 are active and that roughly 20,000 people are employed in these. The majority of these represent the metallurgy and chemical sectors. Altogether, these companies comprise 17% of Turkeys industry. The bowl shape topographic structure of Dilovasi and the presence of iron and steel smelting plants as well as paint and chemical facilities negatively influence the air quality of the region. Research studies based on death records have been conducted demonstrating that cancer-related cases range over the worlds and Turkeys averages. In regional measurements, the PM10 air pollution indicator was confirmed to be 3,5 times higher than the accepted limit…

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