Commodity: Biological resource

20 related cases

Natural balance and hydrologic cycle at Sultan Marshes were destroyed due to the construction of dams, wells and drainage channels due to basin-wide irrigated farming support policies that started in Develi Basin in 1973. From the beginning of 2000s, the water quantity of the Sultan Marshes decreased dangerously because of the water-guzzling-products farming, agricultural irrigation, illegal well drilling, losses due to the existing irrigation techniques and less water flow to the marshlands due to the dams; as from 2003 marshlands have almost dried out. The effects on local people were unequal: while landowners adopted agricultural irrigation, loan use, base price, market support systems that were prioritized for the last 25 years, landless farmers who make their own living through reed…

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Tuna fattening farms in Sigacik Bay, Seferihisar, Izmir have been opposed by a range of social actors for about a decade. Mobilizations against these fish farms have complained about the inappropriate Environmental Impact Assesments (EIAs) obtained by the fish farm projects and opened court cases aiming the withdrawal of positive EIAs and stopping these projects. Already in 2008 when the zoning plans for two fish farms have been declared for the vicinity of Sigacik [9], a range of social actors such as local people, environmentalists, researchers, local municipality, artists, local associationas and environmental lawyers have been resisting these projects [2] and the positive EIAs regarding the establishemnt of these fish farms [3]. They have been arguing that Sigacik Bay is…

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ACTORS

The sweetgum tree (Liquidambar orientalis) spreads across Turkeys south-western region and is an endemic tree species limited to Southern Aegean and Rhodes Island. Usually found in groups or as individual trees along streams and in areas with high water table, the only place where this species forms actual forests is Koycegiz. However, sweetgum forests total area decreased from 6.312 ha in 1949 to 1.348 ha in 2011. The main reason for this is the conversion of their habitat through cutting the trees or other drying out methods for citrus plantation as the soils where they occur have high water table and are suitable for agriculture. Currently, the remaining sweetgum forests are too fragmented and risk extinction as their characteristics for…

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Kocacay delta, situated 25 km north of Bursa Karacabey, is on the southern coast of Marmara Sea. This delta is particularly important for the habitat due to the lagoons, flooded forests and wide sand dunes formed where Kocacay meets the sea. The area includes two shallow lagoons, namely Dalyan and Arapciftligi. The south side of the delta is lined by hills covered with deciduous forests. The areas coastal section is frequented by the locals as a day-trip destination. The land between the lagoons and the hills is used for agriculture. Flooded forests and wetlands are being used for grazing animals. Fishing activities in the lagoons is an important source of income in the area. Other land uses include woodcutting, sand…

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Hotamis Marshes have completely dried out as a result of State Hydraulic Works interventions to the water regime through discharge and irrigation channels since mid 1990s. Previously spreading to some 17.400ha the marshes dropped to 8.000ha in 1990 and dried out in early 2000s. The main threat in the area currently is the storage dam intended to be built at the site as an extension of the State Hydraulic Works Blue Tunnel Project. Even though many parties and especially State Hydraulic Works claim that they will save the marshes with the storage dam, the site will completely lose its natural feature if the project is realised leaving no chance for restoration. As a result of the deal signed on 03.11.2011…

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ACTORS

The water sources that feed Ergene River and the agricultural lands that are irrigated with this water are being threatened by industrial and domestic wastes originating from regional factories, the quarries established in Istranca Mountains, unregulated industrialization and unplanned urbanization of the region. As a result, Thraces centuries old agrarian structure is coming to an end and the pollution in Ergene River is jeopardising the habitat of all living creatures. The inhabitants of the region are faced with severe costs every single day. Source: Ejatlas…

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Even though Turkey has been a signatory to the United Nations Biodiversity Convention since 1997 and Cartagena Biosafety Protocol since 2004, it only enforced the Biosafety Law in 2010. Even though the Biosafety Law did not allow the production of GMO crops, it permitted their import based on certain conditions. Thirteen corn varieties to be used as animal feed were permitted (Bt11, DAS1507, DAS59122, DAS1507xNK603, NK603, NK603xMON810, GA21, MON89034, MON89034xNK603, Bt11xGA21, 59122x1507xNK603, 1507×59122 ve MON88017xMON810). Twenty one GMO corn varieties, 3 colza, 1 sugar beet and 1 potato varieties to be used as human food; 3 colza, 1 sugar beet varieties to be used as animal feed and 22 corn varieties to be used as bioethanol are awaiting approval of…

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ACTORS

In July 2009, a procurement contract has been signed between Bolu Special Provincial Administration and the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks in order for the former to carry out the activities run in the Abant Lake Nature Park such as the management of camping sites, the entrance and the local products sales units, general clean-up and security services. Following the signature, there have been claims about the Bolu Special Provincial Administration making sluice channeling to raise the level of the lake, extending the roads around the lake by land reclamation which blocked the stream flow feeding the Abant Lake. Thereupon, institutions such as the General Directorate of Nature Conservation and National Parks, Western Black Sea Forestry Research…

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Uluabat Lake is one of the most important lakes of Turkey because of its biological diversity. The lake is declared as a Ramsar Area in 1998. In 2000, it has also become part of the Living Lakes network that ranks the most important lakes of the world. Despite its importance, Uluabat Lake is under threat due to ineffective implementation of local and national policies in the area. The lake and its basin are affected by many human-driven external factors. Dam constructions, domestic waste, industrial waste, overfishing, overuse of pesticides are the main issues. Stakeholders of Uluabat Lake carry out agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, hunting as well as industrial activities and these activities are closely connected with the lake. In 2002,…

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Located in the southeast of Buyuk Menderes River Delta, Bafa Lake is a shallow lake whose deepest part is 21m. 12.281 ha Bafa Lake is in both Aydin and Mugla provinces. Feeding from Buyuk Menderes River, the Aegean Regions longest water course, Bafa Lake is an alluvial dam of low salinity. The lake was formed 2000-2300 years ago through silt carried by the Buyuk Menderes River disconnecting it from the Aegean Sea (Kasparek, 1988). As a result of Soke Plains rising from alluvial deposits the lakes level rose above the seas. Except for its Western and Northwestern sections, the lake is surrounded by mountains. From where the lake opens to the plain towards the West, it is reported that excess…

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