Uluabat Lake is one of the most important lakes of Turkey because of its biological diversity. The lake is declared as a Ramsar Area in 1998. In 2000, it has also become part of the Living Lakes network that ranks the most important lakes of the world. Despite its importance, Uluabat Lake is under threat due to ineffective implementation of local and national policies in the area. The lake and its basin are affected by many human-driven external factors. Dam constructions, domestic waste, industrial waste, overfishing, overuse of pesticides are the main issues.
Stakeholders of Uluabat Lake carry out agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing, hunting as well as industrial activities and these activities are closely connected with the lake.
In 2002, the Ministry of Environment and WWF Turkey prepared a management plan aiming at participation of all local stakeholders and this plan was started to be implemented in 2003. The activities cited in the plan were reducing pollution in the lake, securing sustainable fisheries, providing the wise use of natural resources and enriching the wildlife in the lake. The evaluation of first five-year plan in 2007 showed that none of the targets were reached yet. Management plan was revised in 2007 and is still in operation.
- Surface water pollution / Decreasing water - Environmental
- Food insecurity - Health